Vinh Long General information Vĩnh Long is a province in southern Vietnam’s Mekong Delta. The busy capital Vĩnh Long is a transport hub on the Cổ Chiên River cut through by canals. It’s home to the Văn Thánh Miếu Pagoda, a colorful nineteenth-century Chinese temple. The city is also a departure point for boats to Cái Bè floating market, as well as craft villages and orchards on the river’s many islets, including Bình Hòa Phước and An Binh. Modern-day Vinh Long was part of Long Hồ dinh established by the Nguyễn Lords in 1732, comprising the provinces of Ben Tre, Tra Vinh, and parts of Cần Thơ. The area saw some of the heaviest fighting between the Tây Sơn brothers and the Nguyễn Lords in the late eighteenth century. In 1784 Nguyễn Huệ defeated Siamese forces aiding Nguyễn Ánh at the Mang Thít River. In 1951, the Southern Resistance Administrative Committee of the newly-declared Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) merged Vinh Long and Tra Vinh provinces into Vinh Tra province. Vinh Tra existed until 1954 however, as North Vietnam never administered the area for a significant period of time, this arrangement was not enforced. In 1957, the government of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) formed Vinh Long province. In 1961, Cái Nhum District was split from Chợ Lách. Đức Tôn and Đức Thành Districts were added in 1962 but joined the newly-formed Sa Dec Province in 1966. After the fall of Saigon, South Vietnam was reunited with North Vietnam, the new government merged Vinh Long with Tra Vinh province, forming Cuu Long province in 1976. In 1991, Cửu Long was again split into Vinh Long and Tra Vinh. At the time of the split, Vĩnh Long Province consisted of one city (Vĩnh Long) and 5 districts. In 1992, Mang Thít District was re-split from Long Hồ District. Weather Summary This city has a tropical climate; precipitation falls much more in the summers than in the winters. Temperatures are highest in April, averaging 28.9 °C (84°F) and at their lowest in January with average temperatures at around 26.1 °C (78°F). The average annual temperature in Vinh Long is 27.4 °C (81.3°F) and the average annual rainfall is 1426 mm. The least amount of rainfall occurs in February, with an average of 2 mm rainfall. The greatest amount of rainfall occurs in October, with an average of 244 mm of rainfall.