Ho Chi Minh General information In the heart of the Mekong Delta, Ho Chi Minh City (formerly known as Saigon) is the second most important city, following Hanoi. It is not only a commercial center but also a scientific, technological, industrial and tourist center. The city is blessed with many rivers, arroyos and canals, the largest river being the Saigon River. Saigon has been a commercial center for many centuries. Merchants from China, Japan and European countries would sail upstream of the Saigon River to reach the islet of Pho, a trading center. In the year of 1874, Cho Lon merged with Saigon, forming the largest city in the Indochina. It was celebrated as the Pearl of the Far East. After the reunification of the country, Saigon was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City. Today, Ho Chi Minh City attracts a large of visitors to Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City has various sites including the Ho Chi Minh Museum, formerly known as Dragon House Wharf and Cu Chi Tunnels. Despite its turbulent past, Ho Chi Minh City possesses various beautiful buildings representing Vietnamese, Chinese and European cultures. These include Nha Rong (Dragon House Wharf), Quoc To Temple (National Ancestors Temple), Xa Tay (Municipal Office), Ho Chi Minh Municipal Theatre as well as many pagodas and churches (Vinh Nghiem, Giac Vien, Giac Lam, Phung Son pagodas). Weather Summary This city has a tropical climate; the summers experience more rainfall than the winters. The hottest month of the year is April with average temperatures of 29.5°C (85.1°F) and the lowest average temperature of the year is 25.9°C (78.6°F), occurring in December. Ho Chi Minh City’s average annual temperature is 27.4°C (81.32°F) and the average rainfall is 1868 mm. February sees the least rain with an average of 2 mm of rainfall; in September the most rainfall occurs with an average of 318 mm.